0-9 | A | B | C | D | G | H | I | J | L | M | N | Q | R | S | V | W

 

0-9

2G

2nd-generation (2G) refers to the initial group of wireless technology standards that were digital instead of analog (1G).


3G

3G Stands for 3rd-generation. Analog cellular phones were the first generation. Digital phones marked the second generation (2G). 3G is loosely defined, but generally includes high data speeds, always-on data access, and greater voice capacity (more simultaneous calls per tower). The high data speeds are arguably the most important feature, and certainly the most marketed. They enable such advanced features as live, streaming video. There are several different 3G technology standards. The most prevalent worldwide is WCDMA (also known as UMTS.) WCDMA is the 3G technology of choice for most carriers that used GSM as their 2G technology.


4G

Fourth Generation. A somewhat vague term used to describe wireless mobile radio technologies that offer faster data rates than 3G (third generation) technologies. 4G networks are also more data-centric and based on standard Internet technologies such as IP. The most common technology worldwide recognized as 4G is LTE.


5G

Fifth Generation. A term used to describe the next generation of mobile radio technology offering much faster speeds than 4G.


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A

API

Application Programming Interface.


APN

Access Point Name.  The hostname (Internet address) of a gateway that connects phones to the rest of the Internet. Most phones require such an access point (gateway) in order to access the Internet. The name of that access point must be correctly entered in the phone’s settings in order for the phone to find it on the network and thus connect to the Internet.  The APN should be the gateway that belongs to the carrier (AKA service provider or mobile network operator) matching the SIM card in the phone. For example “apn.mobile.com”.


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B

BeiDou

BeiDou satellite navigational system, is a Chinese GNSS navigational system.

  • BeiDou Navigation Satellite System
  • BeiDou-1
  • BeiDou-2 (Formally known as Compass)

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C

Connect Protocol

An open easy to use protocol developed by GPSengine for sending IoT and tracking data.


CSQ

Cellular Signal Quality, this is the signal strength the device has to the connected base station.


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D

Duress

An event or events where it is considered an emergency and a person or people require assistance. Alternative terms used are S.O.S. emergency and help. Some devices support a duress/emergency/SOS feature such as a duress button.


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G

Galileo

Galileo, a satellite navigation system of the European Union.


Geocoding

The process where a location (street address) is matched to a set of coordinates (latitude, longitude) to define that location.


GLONASS

GLONASS, short for Global’naya Navigatsionnaya Sputnikovaya Sistema. Russian satellite navigational system.


GNSS

GNSS, Global Navigation Satellite System.


GNSS Jamming

GNSS jamming occurs when interference occurs on the same frequency used by the GNSS device. This results in the device unable to receive and process the signals and obtain its location.


GPRS

General Packet Radio Service. A packet-switched technology that enables data communications. GPRS is used for various data applications on phones, including wireless Internet (WAP), MMS, and software that connects to the Internet. Basically, any network connection that is not voice or text messaging uses a data connection like GPRS.


GPS

Global Positioning System.


GPS Jamming

See GNSS Jamming.


GSM

Global System for Mobile Communication. GSM was the dominant 2G digital mobile phone standard for most of the world. It determines the way in which mobile phones communicate with the land-based network of towers.


GSM Jamming

GSM jamming occurs when interference occurs on the same frequency used by the cell/mobile device. This results in blocking the transmitting and receiving by the cell/mobile device.


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H

Harsh Acceleration

Excessive acceleration by a moving device that is triggered when the movement is above normal or acceptable set levels. Devices often use methods such as G-force sensors to detect if excessive levels have been reached during a set time period.


Harsh Braking

Excessive de-acceleration by a moving device that is triggered when the movement is above normal or acceptable set levels. Devices often use methods such as G-force sensors to detect if excessive levels have been reached during a set time period.


Harsh Cornering

Excessive angle movement by a moving device that is triggered when the movement is above normal or acceptable set levels. Devices often use methods such as G-force sensors to detect if excessive levels have been reached during a set time period.


Heading

Expressed in degrees as a value of 1 to 360, used to determine the direction of movement.


HDOP

Horizontal Geometric Dilution of Precision. A measure of the geometric quality of a GPS satellite configuration in the sky. HDOP is a factor in determining the relative accuracy of a horizontal position. The angle and number of satellites where a fix is obtainable result in the level of accuracy.


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I

Ignition Off

For devices that are wired to an ignition such as a motor vehicle ignition, the device sends an ignition off event when the connected ignition has been turned off from on.


Ignition On

For devices that are wired to an ignition such as a motor vehicle ignition, the device sends an ignition on event when the connected ignition has been turned on from off.


ICT

Information, Communication and Technology.


IMEI

International Mobile Equipment Identifier. A 15-digit number (composed of four parts) that uniquely identifies an individual wireless device.


Impact

Excessive g-force by a moving device that is triggered when the reading is above normal or acceptable set levels indicating that the moving object had an impact. Devices often use methods such as G-force sensors to detect if excessive levels have been reached during a set time period.

IT

Information Technology.


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J

JSON

JSON, short for JavaScript Object Notation, a human readable text based format.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/JSON

https://www.json.org/


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L

LAC

Location Area Code.


LTE

Long-Term Evolution. A wireless mobile radio technology designed to succeed 3G WCDMA/HSDPA/HSUPA (and also CDMA) technology. Its primary feature for users is faster data, although it also improves the efficiency and capacity of wireless networks. Although “LTE” is not the name of the standard itself, it is often used that way. The actual standard is called 3GPP Release 8. LTE is considered by many to be LTE a “4G” technology, both because it is faster than 3G, and because it uses an “all-IP” architecture where everything (including voice) is handled as data, similar to the Internet.


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M

M2M

Machine to Machine. In the world of cell phone networks, M2M refers to devices other than cell phones using the wireless network to communicate with other devices or networks.


Main Power Lost

An indication that a device that was powered is no longer getting power from the main power source. If the device has a secondary source of power such as a battery then the device may still be operating from this secondary power source.


MCC

Mobile Country Code.


Micro-SIM

Micro-SIM. (3FF SIM). 3FF stands for 3rd Form Factor. A SIM card that is physically smaller than a traditional (2FF) SIM, but larger than a nano-SIM (4FF).


MNC

Mobile Network Code.


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N

Nano-SIM

Nano-SIM. (4FF SIM). 4FF stands for 4th Form Factor. A SIM card that is simply physically smaller than a traditional (2FF) SIM card or Micro-SIM (3FF) card.


nSAT

Number of satellites the unit can see. Important to note that seeing the satellites does not mean the unit is actively using this number of satellites to obtain its location. Varies per device functionality and location at the time, as to how many of these satellites are being used by the device for an accurate location fix.


NAVIC. Indian satellite navigational system.


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P

Platform Connect

PlatformConnect is a hosted platform service for receiving, processing and storing of information from GNSS and IoT’s, devices, sensors, applications and third party services.


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Q

QZSS

QZSS, short for Quasi-Zenith Satellite System. A Japanese satellite navigation system.


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R

Reverse Geocoding

A process where a set of coordinates (latitude and longitude) are provided to a service which returns a matching street address for the supplied coordinates.


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S

SIM

Subscriber Identity Module. A small “smart card” used in GSM and LTE phones.


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V

VAR

Value Added Reseller.


VIN

Vehicle Identification Number.


Vylio

A tracking and IoT service catering for a wide range of tracking and IoT needs servicing consumer to enterprise.


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W

White Label

A service that is rebranded by a reseller to brand as their own service.


WOF

Warrant of Fitness, mainly used within New Zealand.


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